In the UK slightly more men than women have type 2 diabetes.
People with type 2 diabetes produce some insulin, however, the insulin their pancreas secretes is either not enough or the body is unable to recognise the insulin and use it properly, called insulin resistance. When there isn't enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, sugar (glucose) can't get into the body's cells to be used for fuel. When sugar builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, the body's cells are not able to function properly. Other problems associated with the build-up of sugar in the blood include:
What causes type 2 diabetes?Although it is more common than type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is less well understood. It is likely caused by multiple factors and not a single problem.
Type 2 diabetes can run in families, but the exact nature of how it's inherited or the identity of a single genetic factor is not known.
What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?The symptoms of type 2 diabetes vary from person to person but may include: